What would you do if I gave you $1 million today on the condition that you invest it entirely in the stock market?
First off, you’d probably find someone who knows way more about investing and get some professional advice.
But in lieu of that, you’d divide your money among a variety of bets:
Stable companies with a history of profitability, growth-stage companies with a high tolerance for risk, and maybe a few companies you just personally believe have potential.
In short, you’d diversify.
The thought of putting all $1 million into a single company probably wouldn’t cross your mind.
Someday soon, I’d like to think a year of my time will be “worth” more than $1 million. So I won’t be putting it all into a single company either.
Instead I’ll build a startup a month for the next year.
The first person to popularize building 12 startups in 12 months is Pieter Levels, who launched products like NomadList and RemoteOK in 2014.
Not bad for a solo founder with a part-time sys admin.
In the 5 years since, several others have taken the same challenge.
When I was chatting with Dominic Monn about the idea, he told me he’s had success with this approach too:
I did something along the same lines where I launched 6 things in about 6 months in 2018 and two things grew out of it that make around $3.5k MRR together today, and some of the others I sold for a cumulative 5 figures as well.
The common thread is that no one doing the challenge completes it.
Building 12 startups isn’t actually the goal.
The goal is to eliminate the most common blockers from shipping a product: failure to stick to an MVP and finish something, fear of shipping, launching, charging money, and so forth.
Now, each of these things has to happen inside a month.
The idea is that a fixed timespan helps you quickly find a few ideas worthy of your undivided focus.
Instead of spending years working on an idea that won’t pan out.
I’m under no illusion that since Pieter’s very public success, a ton of people have undergone the same challenge.
Few, if any, have seen the same financial outcomes thus far. The majority still work their day jobs. And a quick search on Google reveals that most people don’t make it past the first 2-3 startups.
That’s why I’ve adapted the challenge to tip the odds in my favor.
It’s dangerous to go alone
In Lost and Founder, Rand Fishkin, former CEO of Moz, writes:
That’s one of the biggest things I’ve learned about startups: it’s dangerous to go alone. You want people around you who’ve been through this before and are willing to openly share their experiences.
This is the main difference in our approach to building 12 startups in 12 months: We’re not going alone.
We’ve created 12x Startup: A cohort of 4 motivated makers, each building their own “one startup per month”.
Each day, we post our current task on our public status page. We correspond regularly in Slack, challenge each other’s ideas, and plan to livestream our monthly demo sessions for you to tune into.
Apart from those of us who’ve built other types of profitable projects before, we’re also inviting advisors who’re a bit further down the path than us.
This approach was inspired by my experience with Weekend Build.
Knowing that I had to present progress every week to the group was a healthy amount of pressure.
Having other makers to learn from, plus expert advice from Ryan and Vedika, changed the trajectory of our affiliate analytics tool in 8 weeks.
But I can’t shake the feeling…I’ve made building my first profitable startup much harder than it has to be.
If there were a master list of first-time founder mistakes, I’d probably check most of the boxes.
18 months into that project and I’m not giving up.
But I am giving myself room to experiment.
So what “counts” as a startup? In his original post, Pieter addresses the myth that a startup has to begin as a world-changing company with $1B valuation potential.
Meanwhile, it’s become clearer than ever that self-funded businesses starting small can become highly successful:
- Product Hunt began as a newsletter and was later acquired by AngelList
- NomadList started as a Google Sheet and now nets over $300K/year
- Basecamp originated as a whitepaper and today serves 2M+ users
- Baremetrics v1 was built in a weekend and now does $1.5M ARR
So for the purpose of 12x Startup, here’s my personal definition:
An idea in the form of a product that resonates so deeply with a target market of sufficient size, it’s worth seeing where you can take it.
Or, to summarize in a word: Momentum.
The first evidence of momentum among my projects came in May when I launched my newsletter. In just 5 months, it’s grown to over 3.8K subscribers with next to zero marketing.
When there’s momentum behind what you’re creating, my suspicion is you just know it.
That’s a bit like what I’m looking for, within a few constraints.
The multitude of paths to a million dollars a year
Let’s come back to that $1 million investment we were talking about.
In 2018, 17 course creators made over $1 million on Teachable. Fast forward to 2020, and 12 creators made over $1 million during just the second quarter. There are people doing the same on platforms like Patreon and Substack.
That is to say, you can make a lot of money by selling information-based products (“info products”) like ebooks, online courses, substack subscriptions, and so forth.
That’s why it’s popular advice to start with a small ebook or a mini course before graduating to SaaS.
Building a SaaS product is just a much, much slower and more difficult path to a million dollars or even “ramen profitability”.
A quick ebook launch can put thousands of dollars in your pocket in a matter of weeks and fund the next venture.
In comparison, our first $2K in SaaS revenue took almost a year to arrive.
Which is to say, I didn’t follow any of this advice about starting small and building a tiny info product.
Like developers do, I dove headfirst into building something out of software.
There are a few reasons I think I made the right decision, and will continue to do so for the 12x challenge.
Here are the top two:
- Comfort can lead to complacency. I saw this happen when my travel blog reached $5K/mo in revenue before the pandemic. It’s so easy to lose momentum when something “easy” is already working and growing, especially when building a SaaS product is inherently difficult.
- It’s hard to value an info product-based business. Companies are valued based on future earning potential. But here you’re making money based on a cycle of launches, where you constantly have to create new material. I want to build “12x startups” I could sell, if I wanted to.
If I had to add a third, it’d be that it’s just more fun to build software products.
I’m a developer afterall :)
The 12x rules of engagement
With these motivations in mind, I’ve placed the following constraints on my personal attempt at the 12 startups in 12 months challenge:
- No single-sale info products
- Doesn’t depend on me, personally, to run it for it to be valuable
- Low technical complexity
- For most products, a way to test willingness to pay
- Testable, scalable traction channels
- A growth plan that can be sustained after the month ends
- At least one product’s lowest price is a no-brainer at $99/mo
- Experiment with both B2B and B2C
- Some must leverage my unfair advantages
To elaborate on the last point: I have other unique skills, connections, and advantages above other people who might build the same products.
This includes things like my existing following on Twitter and my newsletter, experience working in a high-growth tech company, and an existing SaaS codebase full of reusable material.
I’m not here to prove you can build a startup in a vacuum.
12 Startups in 12 Months
Keeping with tradition, this article will be updated on a monthly basis with each startup I add to my personal portfolio.
#1. Blogging for Devs Community (October)
Initial idea: I’ve been all over the map in terms of my plans for a community for subscribers of the Blogging for Devs newsletter.
First, I wanted to do a small group of women who blog. Then I had so many requests for a Slack or Discord that I ended up launching a free, invite-only community built on Circle, capped at 100 free members.
This month, I’ll convert it to a paid community for future members and adding more community features and premium content.
(You could say it’s cheating slightly because I’m not starting from scratch, but I’m losing 10 days of the month to my only vacation this year so 🤷🏻♀️)
Here’s my planned scope of work for the next four weeks:
- ✨ Landing Page — A landing page to build a waitlist already exists over here, but it’ll need improvements and a way to pay and become a member.
- 🛠 Unified Experience — Each member will have a single login to the Community forums on Circle and the Website, where all the other content will live. This means migrating existing members.
- 📅 Events System — We’ve had a few great virtual events, I want to build something simple that lets me schedule events, members can RSVP, and get a calendar invite.
- 🎉 Member Feed and Goals — Something where you can see what everyone in the community has published recently and set and see your progress towards Goals for yourself and see other people’s Goals.
- 🌈 Members-only Content — Today we already have a resource library and ongoing case study screencast series, but I plan to add more articles and guides centered around specific goals. I’ll launch with a web-version of the email course, which has been requested quite a bit.
- 🚀 Launch — I plan to build everything above openly on Twitter and primarily launch by inviting existing subscribers to the newsletter :)
Status: Launched 🚀
Update: As an update, this startup has been launched and earned $5K in revenue during the first week, and $6.9K revenue by Nov 25th (three weeks post-launch).
Launching the day before US elections, what could go wrong? 😁— Monica Lent (@monicalent) November 2, 2020
Just launched the first of my "year of startups":
The Blogging for Devs Community 💫 A private community for devs focused on growing their blogs through feedback & collaboration. Here goes!https://t.co/keRonb77qm
Updated #2: I accidentally launched on Hacker News because someone else submitted my launch recap article. Skeptics aside, the community ended up reaching 100+ paid members in the first month thanks to Hacker News.
#2. Blogging for Devs Trends (November)
Initial idea: My plan is to crowdsource recommendations for the best tech blogs across a number of tech stacks, written by individual developers.
With this seed data, I’ll generate “Top 50” lists of the best technical blogs across a variety of topics, designed to help people discover amazing authors and attract people to the newsletter.
This follows my hypothesis that developers who want to read great technical blogs also want to write them.
Which blogs are best will be curated by me for quality, then ranked by engagement on Twitter, favoring unique mentions and word-of-mouth recommendations by other developers.
In turn, these each of the topic pages will (hopefully) rank for relevant keywords in Google, driving search traffic to the website every month.
Trends is meant as a growth channel and is not intended to generate revenue.
For now, I expect it to be the final “product” in the Blogging for Devs triad: Newsletter, Community, Trends.
Status: Launched 🚀
Update: The launch on Twitter has gone really well, with 190,000 impressions, 4.3K clicks, 1.5K likes, 353 retweets, and 70 replies on the launch tweet by the Sunday evening after a Friday night launch.
You can see the launch tweet’s stats here.
Hey devs 👋 Finding quality tech blogs is hard.— Monica Lent (@monicalent) December 4, 2020
My new project helps you discover the best content Tech Twitter is talking about *right now*, that's actually written by developers.
Check it out & tell me what you think!https://t.co/UbrmruW9fN
Update #2: Launched on Hacker News in January (here), made it to position #2. Two days later, it has 300 points and 48 comments. It drove about 9,000 unique visitors to the site.
As my original goal was to pick up backlinks, I’ll be monitoring how well it worked in that respect. I’ve since modified the rankings to more prominently promote the newsletter, so we’ll see how it goes!
#3. Blogging for Devs Referral Program (February)
I took off December from the 12x challenge, as I spent most of it kind of managing previous launches and projects:
- Created and ran an On-site SEO for Developers workshop for the Blogging for Devs (BFD) community.
- Wrote a 2020 Retrospective a turned it into a Twitter thread that was liked by over 1.5K people and seen by 180,000+.
- I also took a break around Christmas 🎄✨
For February, I have one big project (Craft Your 2021 Content Plan Workshop), so I needed something I could launch with the few remaining days in February.
Initial idea: I already have great word-of-mouth referrals for the newsletter.
Now that I’m at about 5,800 subscribers, I’ll boost the referral rate by launching a simple newsletter referral program. This will help towards my goal of 20,000 subscribers by the end of 2021.
This will include a few elements:
- Creating the rewards – I’ll need to figure out which rewards to offer, and if any are digital products I’ll have to create or design them.
- Creating a rewards landing page – I’ll need to set up a landing page where subscribers can see rewards and their progress.
- Setting up the email settings – There are email configurations required to get
- Informing people when someone signed up through their link
- Informing people when they’ve reached a goal
- Adapting the email footer to promote the referral program
- Launch the referral program to the email list
It shouldn’t take more than a few days of focus…I hope.
That’s all for now! If you want to follow along as I build over the coming months, you can find me on Twitter @monicalent.
I guess this tweet makes it real 🙃— Monica Lent (@monicalent) October 9, 2020
I'm taking on the *12 startups in 12 months* challenge!
Each one will be built in public, shipped in one month, with progress & learnings shared here on Twitter.
Here's why I'm doing it and what I'm building now ⤵https://t.co/kDdg2hZfN4